A muscle spasm is characterized by a contraction of the muscle, a muscle group or a hollow muscular organ (i.e. – heart), that is sudden and unexpected. The term for this condition is spasticity and it involves having stiff, tight muscles, without the ability to control them properly. With this condition, you may find situations in which individual muscle reflexes can be extended over too long a period of time or exhibit abnormally high levels of strength.
The causes of spasticity can emanate from a central nervous system signal imbalance. These imbalances can be caused by conditions related to; stroke, spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, brain trauma and cerebral palsy.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Spasticity symptoms can include:
- Abnormal body posture
- Pain (minor to sever)
- Reflex over-activity
- Unusual muscle tone increase
- Sudden, involuntary movements (either singular or in rapid succession)
- Permanent muscle contracture
- Deformities of bones and joints
- Functional difficulties with personal care and daily tasks
Spasticity is diagnosed beginning with a medical history evaluation that will include; noting any current medications that are being used and possible personal/family neurological disorder history. Tests will then be conducted, which involve leg/arm movement, range of motion (ROM) evaluation and other activity performance assessments. Once this is completed, then a definitive diagnosis can be made.
Spasticity treatments can involve Las Vegas traditional medicine approaches, such as:
- Medication – These include; Zanaflex (tizanidine), Klonopin (clonazepam), Lioresal (baclofen), Valium (diazepam) and Dantrium (dantrolene). Injections, that are locally given, include; Dysport (abobotulinumtoxin) and Botox (onabotulinumtoxin).
- Surgery – Tendon release surgery can be used or other surgical procedures can be employed to; sever the nerve/muscle pathway or to insert a baclofen pump.
- Deep brain stimulation is also being investigated.
Alternative and complementary medicine – The utilization of Las Vegas alternative medical treatments is also gaining attention and can include:
- Herbal Supplements – These include Oregano and Vitamin E for their antioxidant properties.
- Arnica – To relieve sore muscles.
- Bromelain – An enzyme found in papaya and pineapples. This speeds muscle healing and lessens pain and swelling.
- Kava Kava – To alleviate chronic muscle pain.
- Manual Physical Therapy – This approach is popular in the treatment of sports-related muscle spasms – especially those of the lower back. This can include; therapeutic massage, heat and cold therapy, ultrasound and electrical stimulation.
When determining the treatment that is right for you, seek advice from your doctor and a qualified Las Vegas alternative medical practitioner. This way, you will have the sufficient amount of information needed in order to make an informed decision.